El Último Dictador de América: Crece la presión sobre Maduro, el dicimula, pero...

(Varias fuentes, marzo, 2017) 

Desde el Departamento de Estado y el Congreso de EEUU (vídeos), hasta el Vaticano, la Unión Europea y países como México, Brasil, Uruguay o Chile que son insospechables de “agentes del imperio”, exigen al “Último Dictador de América” que se vaya, con modales, poco a poco, pero que se vaya.



1.       USA. A negotiated transition to democracy.


2.       EU. Preocupación por la Violación de los Derechos Fundamentales.
La jefa de Derechos Humanos de la Unión Europea, Federica Mogherini, escribió una carta a los europarlamentarios, manifestando su preocupación por la violación de los derechos fundamentales en Venezuela, y su intención de promover iniciativas para garantizar a la estabilidad política en Venezuela.
En el texto, Mogherini expresa que “la crisis socio económica y las dificultades por las que atraviesan los venezolanos no pueden resolverse de una forma efectiva sin una solución democrática a la creciente inestabilidad política actual”.
La representante de la Unión Europea además explica que para garantizar la democracia en Venezuela se necesita de un calendario electoral de acuerdo a la Constitución, la realización de elecciones libres y plurales, el claro respeto al rol constitucional de la Asamblea Nacional y la liberación de los presos políticos,
A continuación la carta de Federica Mogherini a sus colegas parlamentarios de la Unión Europea:
“A todos los Parlamentarios que suscribieron carta sobre el agravamiento y severidad de la crisis política, económica y humanitaria que afecta a Venezuela.
Apreciados colegas,
Quisiera comenzar agradeciéndoles por su comunicación del 16 de febrero referente a la situación en Venezuela.
Yo comparto por completo su visión sobre la necesidad de explorar todas las posibilidades que “desde la Unión Europea puedan contribuir a promover la estabilidad política” en Venezuela. La crisis socio económica y las dificultades por las que atraviesan los venezolanos no pueden resolverse de una forma efectiva sin una solución democrática a la creciente inestabilidad política actual.
Nosotros continuaremos abogando por una solución pacífica, enmarcada en la Constitución y en los principios democráticos, y en claro respeto al espíritu de las leyes, los derechos humanos y libertades fundamentales, para el beneficio de todos los venezolanos.
El establecimiento de un calendario electoral de acuerdo a la Constitución, la realización de elecciones libres y plurales, el claro respeto al rol constitucional de la Asamblea Nacional y la liberación de los presos políticos, son pasos esenciales para garantizar el orden democrático y contribuir a la estabilidad política del país.
A corto plazo, sorteando las restricciones a la asistencia externa, la Unión Europea continúa promoviendo la ayuda para atender las necesidades más urgentes de la población, priorizando la colaboración en temas de salud y alimentos. Seguimos explorando todas las opciones disponibles, en colaboración con nuestros aliados internacionales, para incrementar la asistencia a los sectores más vulnerables.
Sinceramente,
Federica Mogherini”
3.       OAS. Respect Functioning of Democracy.
Venezuela’s government came under new pressure as the body that represents 35 nations across the Americas called on Maduro’s administration to respect the “functioning of democracy”.
OAS. Members of the Organisation of American States, the Washington-based regional body, met on Tuesday to demand dialogue between Mr. Maduro’s government and the opposition, as Venezuela endures its worst economic and political crisis in living memory.
“There is a continental clamour that goes from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego,” Luis Almagro, OAS secretary-general, told the Financial Times. “The continent is telling the [Maduro] regime to release political prisoners. It is saying it wants democracy for the country. That is essential, it is fundamental.”
Last week, 14 countries urged the Venezuelan government to release “political prisoners”, hold elections and respect the decisions of the opposition-led legislature.
During Tuesday’s extraordinary meeting, 20 OAS nations including the US, Mexico and Brazil called for “concrete proposals” to deliver a diplomatic solution in Venezuela.
Without mentioning elections or jailed dissidents this time, OAS vowed to act “within the institutional framework”, which includes its democratic charter. This committed members to declare that any country where the democratic order is interrupted or altered could be suspended. 
The charter was put in place in 2001 following the autocratic period of Alberto Fujimori’s rule in Peru in the 1990s. It was also aimed at preventing a comeback of Latin America’s military dictatorships.
Tuesday’s session at the OAS coincided with a US Congress hearing on Venezuela and fresh democratic calls from Federica Mogherini, the EU’s foreign policy chief.
Venezuelans are suffering a double-digit recession, triple-digit inflation and chronic shortages of basic goods. Last year the government quashed a referendum initiative to remove Mr Maduro from office and postponed regional elections to 2017. 
Vatican-sponsored talks between officials and the opposition have failed to make meaningful gains and many Venezuelans fear next year’s presidential elections will be cancelled.
As Venezuela’s top court, which critics say is servile to Mr. Maduro’s regime, moved towards limiting lawmakers’ immunity, Mr. Almagro said the country had “entered into an authoritarian and dictatorial dynamic”.
Mr Almagro, a leftwing former foreign minister of Uruguay, has sought to galvanise the strongest members of the American community to pressure Mr Maduro. The more drastic action could mean Venezuela’s suspension from the organisation. 
“When the country has laughed at everyone, when it has systematically violated all judicial elements of the Inter-American system, when it has given no answers to what was asked in order to re-establish the democratic order and to solve the alteration of the constitutional order, then the last step is suspending it,” he said.
To suspend Venezuela, two-thirds of the 34 active member states of OAS would have to agree in a vote set for June. Venezuela can count on the support of a handful of leftwing governments, such as Bolivia, and small Caribbean states to which it has provided subsidized oil over the years.
“Sanctions against a country should be the last resort, after there has been no answer” from the government, said Mr Almagro. The US has targeted sanctions against senior Venezuelan officials, including Vice-president Tareck El Aissami, for alleged links to drug trafficking, and others on human rights abuses. A suspension from OAS could also threaten disbursements from multilateral lenders.
However, analysts at Eurasia Group said the move by OAS would have “little impact” in Venezuela. “The government will continue to do everything in its power to avoid regime change and can depict the OAS actions as part of a broader imperialist attack on Venezuela,” the consultancy said.

Venezuela has been the stone in the shoe of Mr. Almagro since he took over the reins of the OAS almost two years ago. This week Delcy Rodríguez, the OPEC nation’s foreign minister, called the OAS secretary-general a “dark character” whose mandate was to “obsessively attack” Venezuela.

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